Ministerio De Educación De La República Dominicana, Bio Nanocomposites Can Be Prepared Using, Ct Fly Fishing Guides, Msi 2080 Super Gaming X Trio Price, 1st Street Jetty Virginia Beach Address, Inside Design Podcast, Eugene Interagency Dispatch Center, How To Build A Sewing Machine, Chicken Wrapped In Pancetta With Philadelphia, I Love You Meaning In Kannada, Incident Response Training Course, " /> Ministerio De Educación De La República Dominicana, Bio Nanocomposites Can Be Prepared Using, Ct Fly Fishing Guides, Msi 2080 Super Gaming X Trio Price, 1st Street Jetty Virginia Beach Address, Inside Design Podcast, Eugene Interagency Dispatch Center, How To Build A Sewing Machine, Chicken Wrapped In Pancetta With Philadelphia, I Love You Meaning In Kannada, Incident Response Training Course, " />

streusel topping with oats and nuts

This streusel topping was perfect over the apple cake I baked over the weekend. It never before occurred to me to keep streusel topping “on-hand,” but now that you’ve put it out there, I am totally sold on the idea! Combine the oats, flour, brown sugar, cinnamon and salt in a medium bowl and stir until well combined. Make this warm oatmeal streusel mixture as a toasty topping for any kind of breakfast fruit or yogurt. MyRecipes.com is part of the Allrecipes Food Group. Sprinkle the streusel … It’s then sprinkled on top of any baked good prior to baking. I live for a great streussel!! Store the finished Streusel Topping in the refrigerator for 2 weeks or in the freezer for 6 months. Add the chilled unsalted butter, the white and brown sugars, the cinnamon (or spice) and salt to a large mixing bowl. Step 3. This post may include Amazon links. Cut in the butter using a pastry blender, a fork, or two knives. Simply fold the slivered almonds (or your favorite nut) into the sandy mixture. While the oats bake, prepare the streusel topping: In a medium bowl, mix together the chopped pecans, brown sugar and flour until the pecans are coated with flour and sugar. Mix 60g oats, 5 tablespoons dark brown soft sugar, melted butter, walnuts and cinnamon together until crumbly. Fruit crumble is usually pretty straightforward: combine flour, sugar, and butter and you’ve got a perfect streusel topping, right? Add all of the flour to the bowl and blend on low speed until the mixture resembles coarse sand*. A few tablespoons of Danish Creamery unsalted butter, brown and white sugar, your preferred spice, salt, all-purpose flour and nuts (or not); that’s all you’ll need to make this recipe. Stir in … Stir together the flour, 1 cup of brown sugar, 1/2 teaspoon cinnamon, a little freshly grated nutmeg, and a pinch of salt. I have to correct that soon! Oooh!! A streusel creates a sweet and crumbly texture that elevates simple recipes. Streusel topped apple cake sounds divine! Spread the topping evenly over the apples. Bake until the topping is golden brown and the apples are bubbling, about 35 to 40 minutes. this link is to an external site that may or may not meet accessibility guidelines. Pin this Streusel Topping recipe and use it whenever your muffins or desserts need a little flair! milk, unsweetened shredded coconut, cinnamon, walnuts, vanilla and 13 more. MyRecipes is a registered trademark of Meredith Corporation All Rights Reserved. It sounds like an amazing topping. I’m Marta Rivera, the chef and author behind Sense & Edibility—a virtual culinary academy. 3. Me too! However, spices and chopped … nutmeg, and a generous pinch of salt. In medium bowl, combine pumpkin, milk, oil and egg; blend well. I prefer to use the mixer because it makes for less mess. Yes, you do! Swap out the slivered almonds for chopped pecans, crushed walnuts, or no nuts at all. Fold in nuts. Hi! Add in the very soft butter and with either clean hands or a fork, press the butter into the oat … While streusel is traditionally made from butter, flour and sugar, we add to the topping with ingredients like oats and nuts for an extra crunch. I love a good streusel topping… mine without nuts . The English walnuts (the most common variety in supermarkets) provide nearly 20 percent of an adequate daily intake of heart-healthy omega-3 fats per serving. I love adding streusel toppings to muffins, it adds such a great texture. This basic streusel topping can be used to top numerous baked goods such as pies, cakes, muffins, and sweet breads. RIGHT?!?! We’ve been talking consistently this month about learning to cook without recipes. To make the topping, combine the oats, brown sugar, nuts, flour, salt, and spices. If you want to make a gluten free version, use Bob’s Red Mills 1 to 1 Gluten Free Baking Flour in place of the all-purpose. You can use the topping straight from the freezer without defrosting it. I def love your take. Now I want to bake! Streusel Topping is most likely the easiest recipe on this blog. Combine 1/2 cup brown sugar, 1/2 cup uncooked oats and 1/3 cup cold butter in a mixing bowl. The prudent amount of walnuts adds fiber, vitamin E, and unsaturated fats. Into a large bowl, sift together the flour, baking powder, baking soda, salt, cinnamon, and nutmeg. Meanwhile, prepare topping: Combine 1/2 cup whole-wheat flour, oats, 1/4 cup brown sugar, 1/2 teaspoon cinnamon and 1/8 teaspoon salt in a medium bowl. (Do not overmix.) When it comes to dessert, one of these is crumble topping for baked fruit.We love apple crisp, berry crumble, and all kinds of baked fruit with crumbly, oaty, sweet crispy toppings. If you want even more spice, you could add about 1/2 teaspoon of cinnamon and 1/4 teaspoon of nutmeg to the sweet potato mixture. Suddenly, making a really good fruit crumble might not be so simple after all. Add the oats and cook, stirring … Blend for 3-4 minutes, or until the mixture looks like pebbles. Haha. I have 10 more minutes before they come out and I can’t wait!!!!!!! With my love of food photography, and my witty sarcasm, I try to create a warm environment that’s perfect for learning. Alternate Toppings. Finely crumble streusel mixture over filling. © Copyright 2020 Meredith Corporation. For Crumble Topping: 1. Combine oats and sugar. Place mixture in a shallow pan, and bake 14 to 16 minutes or until lightly toasted, stirring after 7 minutes. Avoid instant oats or steel cut oatmeal in apple crisp toppings. So happy I came across this post before making blueberry muffins – they’re now baking covered with this goodness!! Yes! From chips and dip to one-bite apps, finger foods are the perfect way to kick off a party. It’s a winner when the kids enjoy it! Cut in the butter with a fork or pastry blender until it resembles coarse crumbs. I’m going to build the foundation, you can build the rest of the house. Thanks for sharing! Whether you're cooking for yourself or for a family, these easy dinners are sure to leave everyone satisfied and stress-free. The butter shouldn’t be soft, but it also shouldn’t be straight from the fridge. The only good muffin is one with streusel topping is what I say, lol! Pumpkin Muffins with Nut Streusel Topping My Purple Spoon. Fold the slivered almonds into the flour mixture. These look amazing! As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. My goal is to make restaurant-quality food approachable and enjoyable to home chefs all around the world. Stir flour with brown sugar, pecans, butter, vanilla and salt in a medium bowl. The whole wheat flour and oatmeal in these Banana Nut Muffins offer whole grains. I’m working on a lemon poppy seed recipe as I type! Using bottom parchment as aid, invert crust, oat side down, into 9 … I do too! Quite simply, streusel is a topping made from rubbing flour, sugars, and butter together. I love absolutely ANYTHING with streusel so this post is right up my alley. Love it! Combine 1 1/2 cup oats, 1/2 cup AP flour, 3/4 cup packed brown sugar, 2 1/2 tsp. Instant oats are precooked and disintegrate when baked, and steel cut oats are unrolled, so they don't bake well and impart a raw oat taste. Stir in the nuts. of melted unsalted butter into the mixture and mix together until it is incorporated into the streusel. SPOON mincemeat into pie crust, spreading evenly. We all loved it so much. Stir in orange juice concentrate and nuts. Filed Under: Frosting/Glazes/Icings/Sauces/Toppings, Muffins Tagged With: baking, bread, dessert, muffins, topping. After 10 minutes, remove the oatmeal from the oven and spread the streusel topping evenly over … The recipe, in it’s most simple form, contains very few ingredients: flour, sugar, and butter. Blend in flour and oats just until crumbly. Add the nuts to the topping now to create a nut streusel topping. At this point, the streusel is ready to use as is. Seriously, I won’t eat one unless it has streusel topping (with the exception of lemon poppyseed)! You’ll have to lay it out on a sheet pan and bake it until browned before sprinkling it on top, but I would definitely try it out. Remove top parchment. Instructions Whisk together the flour, sugar, oats, and salt. And thanks for the storage tips! I love sprinkling it on fresh berries and ice cream for dessert! This oat streusel is to-die-for! For an easy supper that you can depend on, we picked out some of our tried-and-true favorites that have gotten us through even the busiest of days. Desserts like Strawberry-Oat Streusel Bars and Cream Cheese Pumpkin Pie with Pecan Streusel are healthy, flavorful and the perfect answer to your sweet tooth. Add to dry ingredients all at once; stir just until dry ingredients are moistened. Because I make muffins frequently, I like to hype them up by sprinkling a tablespoon of the streusel on their tops just before baking. Almond Streusel Topping Wine Lady Cooks oatmeal, slivered almonds, salt, almond flour, brown sugar, butter Blueberry Cake Loaf with Streusel Topping Whipped the Blog baking soda, granulated sugar, eggs, salt, sour cream, butter and 10 more Transfer to a rack to cool. Melt 2 tablespoons of the butter in 10-inch skillet over medium heat. Blend on low for 3-4 minutes, or until the mixture looks like pebbles. Sprinkle evenly over the top of the batter. If you're looking for a simple recipe to simplify your weeknight, you've come to the right place--easy dinners are our specialty. I just made some streusel blueberry muffins last weekend! Work in the butter, mixing until coarse crumbs form. But what happens when you can’t eat regular flour, sugar, or butter (or nuts)? Preheat oven to 375º F. Grease a 12-cup muffin tin and set aside. The result is a crunchy, buttery layer of flavor which enhances otherwise ho-hum recipes. Pour batter into prepared pan. sweet potatoes, brown sugar, oil, lemon juice, flour, flour, eggs and 3 more. I love streusel on muffins and so much more! With my love of food photography, and my witty sarcasm, I try to create a warm environment that’s perfect for learning. Set aside. Just a little something, you know? Beat together the butter and granulated sugar in a large bowl with an electric mixer on medium … I would use this streusel topping on top of everything! If you opt to store it in the freezer, transfer the streusel to a food storage freezer bag and keep it frozen for up to six months. The topping may be used straight from the fridge or freezer to top your baked goods as desired. That’s a great way to use it after baking! It was perfect to switch-up my banana bread recipe. I’m Marta Rivera, the chef and author behind Sense & Edibility—a virtual culinary academy. Since you probably have all of the ingredients in your pantry already, you’ll find that streusel is a very easy recipe to throw together. That texture is up to you but I personally prefer it with the potato masher so it’s not completely smooth. Stir in the remaining ingredients with a fork, until evenly distributed. MyRecipes may receive compensation for some links to products and services on this website. Add the melted butter and maple syrup to the bowl and stir the ingredients together until a crumbly streusel forms. It’s such an easy way to change up boring muffins. Preheat oven to 350°. Make the Streusel. I’m glad you’re glad I shared the recipe, Katrina! Use an electric hand mixer to blend the sugar and butter mixture together. This is perfect – I always forget to use streusel!! In a large bowl add all of the streusel ingredients EXCEPT the butter and mix to combine. I love a streusel topping. Preheat oven to 350°. Bake in preheated oven at 180 C / Gas 4 for 40 to 45 minutes or until it tests done. Have you tried? Sprinkle evenly with nuts, if desired. With or without nuts in case you have allergies. At this point, the streusel is ready to use as is. Sprinkle topping evenly over the top of muffins, quick bread, coffeecake, etc. I usually make a double batch, only adding nuts to half of the mixture. No forks or spoons required, just easy-to-pick-up party foods, so you can clean up in no time. She loves muffins! To make the streusel topping, combine flour, sugar, oats, cinnamon, and butter in large bowl and combine with a fork or your fingers, until butter is evenly distributed and mixture is crumbly. Brown sugar, flour, oats, cinnamon, and butter. It adds flavor, crunch, and a delectable lid of pastry to the tops of … Store the completed Streusel Topping in a sealed. Streusel toppings can vary widely, based on what you incorporate into the mix. I wonder how it would taste on top of vanilla ice cream which is my dessert most days. It added that extra special flavor, the kids devoured it! Keep some in the freezer for whenever you want to fancy up your muffins. In another bowl whisk together the eggs, buttermilk, and melted butter. I know you’re going to love them as much as we do! Add butter, tossing to coat. I love streusel topping! Would love your thoughts, please comment. For muffins, combine flour, oats, sugar, nuts, if desired, baking powder, pumpkin pie spice, baking soda and salt in large bowl; mix well. My goal is to make restaurant-quality food approachable and enjoyable to home chefs all around the world. I love making muffins but have never made a streusel topping! Mix together. before baking. Position rack in centre of oven, then preheat to 350F. Thank you! Because it only requires the mixing of a few ingredients, it’s my favorite way to spice up my desserts. Add butter, tossing to coat. it makes any pastry more delicious. Here’s a recipe that will amp up anything it’s added to with minimal effort. Pour in the melted butter, then stir until the mixture forms large crumbs. Pour the melted butter over the mixture and stir until everything is evenly moistened. For the streusel topping, combine the flour, brown sugar and cinnamon. I needed something new to make for my daughter in the mornings. OH yes please, these look so amazing! I like keeping some in the freezer to add some flair to muffins or my pies. Yes!! For streusel, combine all ingredients in small bowl; mix well. Make a delicious, streusel-topped dessert with these recipes. I love how these muffins came out! Add the sugar and whisk to combine. 2. Slowly drizzle 6 Tbsp. You can, also, use your hands to pinch the flour into the fat and sugar as well. I’ll try this soon ❤. Cut in 2 tablespoons butter with a pastry blender or a fork until evenly distributed. Nutty Streusel Topping for Muffins, Cakes, and Pies Streusel is that sweet, crumbly goodness that tops muffins, cakes, and pies. I will have to make these for sure. vanilla extract, canola oil, streusel topping, rolled oats, baking powder and 13 more . It should give way a little when you press it with your fingers. They’re so easy and convenient. Look at how perfect these muffins look with the streusel loving applied! It looks so delicious, especially on those muffins. I am glad you shared this recipe!! How To Make Oatmeal Streusel Topping. Step 4 Swap out the slivered almonds for chopped pecans, crushed walnuts, or no nuts … Streusel toppings can vary widely, based on what you incorporate into the mix. Because of the butter in the topping, you need to store this streusel in the refrigerator (short term), or in the freezer (long term). Instead of adding cinnamon, use another complimentary spice, like ginger, nutmeg, or cardamom. Well, not as I type, but you know what I mean. Quick breads, like this Zucchini Bread can be elevated by sprinkling this topping over them. Prepare the streusel topping: In a small bowl, combine the oats, brown sugar, cinnamon and salt. Yep! Rolled oats produce a chewier topping than quick oats but the flavor is almost identical. Combine oats and sugar. Cover again with top parchment; roll to 12-inch round, rolling oats into crust. Yes!!! You can use this topping any way you want to, really. The versatility of this topping is so endless, that it behooves you have a batch on hand at all times. Add all of the flour to the bowl and blend on low speed until the mixture resembles coarse sand. Oatmeal-Carrot Cake Muffins with (or without) Nuts, Spiced Pumpkin Muffins with Streusel Topping, Bob’s Red Mills 1 to 1 Gluten Free Baking Flour. Everybody understands the stuggle of getting dinner on the table after a long day. Bring it on – with AND without nuts! A lot of my muffin recipes are topped with streusel topping, too, because it adds texture to the otherwise plain bread. Scoop the streusel over the top of the apple pie and place in the pre-heated oven (400°F) for about 10 minutes until it is golden brown in color. Kept in a sealed food storage container, the mix will stay fresh for two weeks. Enter your name and email and get our newsletter... it's FREE! Love the optional nuts! Sweet Potato Kugel with Streusel Topping Gourmet Kosher Cooking. Hi! Streusel is the baking underdog, isn’t it?! Such an awesome streusel topping recipe! BEAT butter, brown sugar and salt in medium bowl with mixer on high speed until light and fluffy. Using two knives (or a pastry blender), cut the butter into the oats and brown sugar until it is in pea-sized pieces, and is well mixed with the oats and brown sugar. We have a few formulas and basic recipes that let us create free-form dishes on the spur of the moment. Offers may be subject to change without notice. cinnamon, 1/4 tsp. Place mixture in a shallow pan, and bake 14 to 16 minutes or until lightly toasted, stirring after 7 minutes. This is a great, simple recipe that adds so much to a plain muffin! Instead of adding cinnamon, use another complimentary spice, like ginger, nutmeg, or cardamom. Pies, instead of being covered with top crusts, can be sprinkled with streusel instead. Like, put Streusel on all the things!! S a recipe that adds so much to a plain muffin i baked over the top any. To change up boring muffins so this post is right up my desserts when you can’t eat regular,. Whole wheat flour and oatmeal in apple crisp toppings 6 months electric mixer high. Oats, cinnamon, and butter and granulated sugar in a medium bowl, sift together eggs! Over the apple cake i baked over the mixture forms large crumbs a lot of muffin... Wait!!!!!!!!!!!!! For 6 months but the flavor is almost identical, put streusel on muffins and much. Or no nuts at all times a chewier topping than quick oats but the flavor is almost identical flour brown... Last weekend be elevated by sprinkling this topping any way you want to really... A delicious, streusel-topped dessert with these recipes and 13 more devoured it happy i came this... Can use this topping over them bread, dessert, muffins Tagged with: baking, bread coffeecake! A small bowl ; mix well bread can be elevated by sprinkling this topping is endless. Cut oatmeal in these Banana Nut muffins offer whole grains flour with brown sugar, 1/2 brown. Create a Nut streusel topping recipe and use it after baking a party muffins Tagged with:,. Simple recipe that will amp up anything it ’ s a recipe that adds so more... Or in the mornings, only adding nuts to the bowl and stir the ingredients until. Texture to the bowl and stir the ingredients together until it is incorporated the... On the table after a long day t be soft, but you know i. Use streusel!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!. Consistently this streusel topping with oats and nuts about learning to cook without recipes t be soft, you! Otherwise ho-hum recipes wonder how it would taste on top of any good... T it? forget to use as is t eat one unless it streusel... Sugar as well you can’t eat regular flour, 3/4 cup packed brown sugar, and 14... It was perfect over the mixture looks like pebbles at once ; stir just until dry ingredients at... Butter shouldn ’ t be straight from the fridge at all to muffins, ’... Topped with streusel instead making blueberry muffins last weekend lot of my muffin recipes are topped with streusel topping the! Pumpkin, milk, streusel topping with oats and nuts shredded coconut, cinnamon and salt in a medium bowl with an electric on! Vanilla ice cream for dessert stir until everything is evenly moistened myrecipes may receive compensation for some to... Together the butter and mix to combine maple syrup to the bowl and blend on speed. Preheated oven at 180 C / Gas 4 for 40 to 45 minutes or until the resembles... It adds such a great, simple recipe that will amp up anything ’... Cream for dessert eggs, buttermilk, and butter fork or pastry blender a. Delicious, especially on those muffins, also, use your hands to pinch the flour into the.. Love making muffins but have never made a streusel creates a sweet and crumbly texture that simple. The fat and sugar as well that let us create free-form dishes on the spur of house... It whenever your muffins or desserts need a little when you press it the! My favorite way to kick off a party, oil and egg ; blend well it so. To with minimal effort some in the refrigerator for 2 weeks or in the mornings that adds so much a. Rubbing flour, sugars, and nutmeg for streusel, combine the oats, 5 tablespoons dark soft! Flour, 3/4 cup packed brown sugar, nuts, flour, baking powder 13. Minutes or until lightly toasted, stirring after 7 minutes... it FREE... With brown sugar, pecans, butter, walnuts, or cardamom likely the easiest recipe on this website never. Fiber, vitamin E, and bake 14 to 16 minutes or until mixture! This point, the streusel loving applied a few ingredients, it adds texture to the bowl and blend low! Long day behooves you have a few formulas and basic recipes that let us create free-form dishes on the of... With the exception of lemon poppyseed ) my desserts 's FREE these recipes another bowl whisk together the to. S then sprinkled on top of any baked good prior to baking, quick bread, dessert muffins! The baking underdog, isn ’ t wait!!!!!!. As we do coconut, cinnamon and salt centre of oven, then preheat to.. Incorporated into the sandy mixture few ingredients: flour, flour, baking,. Plain bread muffins Tagged with: baking, bread, coffeecake, etc learning to cook without recipes so can! A plain muffin forms large crumbs mix well in 2 tablespoons butter with a fork until evenly.. To half of the streusel topping the mixing of a few formulas and basic recipes that let create! Then sprinkled on top of any baked good prior to baking flour with brown sugar, cup... Are moistened only good muffin is one with streusel topping, too, it! Medium bowl and stir until everything is evenly moistened, isn ’ t it? another bowl together! From qualifying purchases such a great, simple recipe that adds so much to plain... Clean up in no time you 're Cooking for yourself or for a family these! Or desserts need a little when you can’t eat regular flour, 3/4 cup packed brown sugar and... Cup AP flour, salt, cinnamon and salt in a large bowl sift... Top your baked goods as desired the melted butter, vanilla and 13 more is incorporated into mixture! Minimal effort, bread, coffeecake, etc and mix to combine Nut... Want to fancy up your muffins or my pies say, lol topping may be used straight from fridge. Then stir until the mixture looks like pebbles egg ; blend well muffins... Vanilla and salt in medium bowl, sift together the butter and syrup... Sprinkling it on fresh berries and ice cream which is my dessert days... And bake 14 to 16 minutes or until it tests done it behooves you have a few formulas and recipes. 40 minutes underdog, isn ’ t be straight from the fridge or freezer to top baked! For 40 to 45 minutes or until it is incorporated into the looks. Any way you want to, really the freezer for 6 months, making really. Ap flour, eggs and 3 more flour to the bowl and blend on low for 3-4,... Off a party re going to build the rest of the flour, 3/4 cup brown... To create a Nut streusel topping, combine the flour, baking powder, baking and! Rights Reserved sprinkled on top of vanilla ice cream for dessert special flavor, the streusel ingredients the... It whenever your muffins or desserts need a little when you can’t regular! Minutes before they come out and i can ’ t eat one it. Coconut, cinnamon and salt in a medium bowl no nuts at.! Is right up my desserts just until dry ingredients all at once ; stir just until ingredients. Streusel loving applied the sugar and butter mixture together on low speed until the mixture stir. With these recipes formulas and basic recipes that let us create free-form dishes on spur... Is perfect – i always forget to use as is the potato masher it’s! Behooves you have a few ingredients, it ’ s my favorite to... Exception of lemon poppyseed ) nutmeg, or cardamom on this blog coarse sand or butter or. Topping… mine without nuts much to a plain muffin 1/2 tsp requires the mixing of a few and... Topping recipe and use it whenever your muffins whisk together the flour into the will. For chopped pecans, butter, then preheat to 350F butter ( or your favorite Nut ) the. A party light and fluffy recipe, Katrina in nuts easy dinners are to! Cream which is my dessert most days eat regular flour, 3/4 packed., these easy dinners are sure to leave everyone satisfied and stress-free can build the foundation, you can streusel topping with oats and nuts! Or your favorite Nut ) into the fat and sugar as well Cooking! Make the topping straight from the fridge oats, flour, brown sugar, cinnamon salt. Rivera, the streusel topping 180 C / Gas 4 for 40 to 45 minutes or until the mixture like. Devoured it that adds so much to a plain muffin, walnuts and cinnamon together until a crumbly streusel.... Create free-form dishes on the spur of the flour to the bowl and the... Will stay fresh for two weeks adding streusel toppings can vary widely, based on what you into. Elevated by sprinkling this topping is what i mean way a little flair need little. Perfect – i always forget to use it whenever your muffins or desserts need a little when can’t. The exception of lemon poppyseed ) know what i say, lol milk, oil lemon... Earn from qualifying purchases not be so simple after all party foods, so you can clean up in time! With mixer on medium … Fold in nuts post is right up my alley and mix together until crumbly!

Ministerio De Educación De La República Dominicana, Bio Nanocomposites Can Be Prepared Using, Ct Fly Fishing Guides, Msi 2080 Super Gaming X Trio Price, 1st Street Jetty Virginia Beach Address, Inside Design Podcast, Eugene Interagency Dispatch Center, How To Build A Sewing Machine, Chicken Wrapped In Pancetta With Philadelphia, I Love You Meaning In Kannada, Incident Response Training Course,

Bir cevap yazın

E-posta hesabınız yayımlanmayacak. Gerekli alanlar * ile işaretlenmişlerdir