The Panama Railroad remained the only true Transcontinental Railroad until Canadian Pacific was completed. The mainline was officially completed on May 10, 1869. The railroads sold the land to settlers for cash. This transcontinental railroad joined the North American continent in a way that had never been done before. The Transcontinental Railroad, enabled by the Civil War and completed in 1869, accelerated expansion into the American West leading to opportunities … The Union Pacific wouldn't break ground until 1865, as it was more difficult for … 05/10/2011 04:34 AM EDT. In America, this happened May 10, 1869, with the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad… The next decade showed rapid growth in the number of stations and towns along the railroad as well as the completion of other lines to the north and the south of the main route. Share on Facebook Share on Twitter.  Chief promoter of a transcontinental railroad was Asa Whitney, a New York merchant active in the China trade who was obsessed with the idea of a railroad to the Pacific. On January 8th, 1863, the Central Pacific broke ground in the west. Many of the Great Plains tribes, after seeing their traditional lands being taken and filled up by settlers, attacked the railroad construction crews and surveyors in hopes of stopping this new onslaught of settlers. By ANDREW GLASS. First Transcontinental Railroad Completed. Today in History–May 10–the Library of Congress features the U.S. transcontinental railroad, celebrated on this day in 1869 when a symbolic golden spike was driven into the ground at Promontory Summit, in Utah Territory—approximately thirty-five miles away from Promontory Point, the site where the rails of the Union Pacific and Central Pacific were joined. Before highways, planes, trains and automobiles made crossing the United States a breeze, the completion of the transcontinental railroad in May 1869 was a … On May 10, 1869, the Central Pacific Railroad (CPRR), met the Union Pacific Railroad (UPRR) at Promontory Summit, Utah (Mile 690/Kilometer 1110). The first public proposal for such a line was made by the New York City merchant Asa Whitney in 1844. For others, however, the Transcontinental Railroad undermined the sovereignty of Native nations and threatened to destroy Indigenous communities and their cultures as the railroad expanded into territories inhabited by Native Americans. Before this, if a fearless Yankee wanted to go to California, he had to travel around South America for six months and had to encounter the rough seas found at Cape Horn. From 1863 and 1869, roughly 15,000 Chinese workers helped build the transcontinental railroad. The Transcontinental Railroad's western leg was known as the Central Pacific, the vision of Theodore D. Judah. This news just in! Public domain image With today's jets taking us across the United States in just six or seven hours, it is very hard to imagine travel in the mid-1800s. The transcontinental railroad had long been a dream for people living in the American West. Courtesy of Wikipedia. This railroad connected the […] The nation’s first transcontinental railroad, completed 150 years ago today at Promontory Summit in Utah, connected the vast United States and brought America into the modern age. The Transcontinental Railroad. Transcontinental railroad is completed, May 10, 1869. A Treasury of Railroad Folklore (1953); Bain, David Harward, Empire Express, Building the First Transcontinental Railroad (1999). By Rose Kennedy “East is East, and West is West, and never the twain shall meet” isn’t true, no matter what Rudyard Kipling’s poem says. The Completed Railroad. by Marshall Brain. Background The first talk of a transcontinental railroad started around 1830. Our First Transcontinental Railroad in the United States was built in the 1860s, linking the well developed railway network of the Eastern coast with rapidly growing California. Facts, information and articles about Transcontinental Railroad, an event of Westward Expansion from the Wild West. The First Transcontinental Railroad was a hot topic for many years before construction began. 1863–1869: Union Pacific built west (blue line), Central Pacific built east (red line) and Western Pacific built the last leg (green line) to complete the first transcontinental railroad to the Pacific. Transcontinental Railroad summary: The First Transcontinental Railroad was built crossing the western half of America and it was pieced together between 1863 and 1869. The Linda Hall Library Transcontinental Railroad website was created with generous support from the BNSF (Burlington Northern Santa Fe) Foundation. This aid took two forms: loans and land grants. The Transcontinental Railroad was completed 150 years ago, in 1869. The transcontinental railroad line was completed around the north shore of Great Salt Lake, Utah, at Promontory Summit, as part of the Salt Lake Division of the Central Pacific Railroad, which became the Southern Pacific. This completed the Pacific Railroad, as it was called, the key element in the first transcontinental railroad across the United States. How To Cite This Article: "Completing the Transcontinental Railroad, 1869" EyeWitness to History, www.eyewitnesstohistory.com (2004). Route to finish the Transcontinental Railroad through the west. On May 10, 1869 the US was joined from coast to coast by a transcontinental railroad when the final spike was driven into the rails at a ceremony at Promontory Summit in the Utah Territory. The transcontinental railroad in the latter half of the nineteenth century was typically built with substantial infusions of federal, state, and local government aid. In 1845, Asa Whitney presented to Congress a plan for the federal government to subsidize the building of a railroad from the Mississippi River to the Pacific. After 39 years of hard work, the Transcontinental Railroad has finally been completed! In the process, they also created a … The railroad took 7 years to complete and is a 1,907-mile contiguous line. It had been suggested as early as 1832 in an article by Dr. Hartwell Carver and in 1847 he submitted a proposal to Congress. May 10, 1869: Transcontinental railroad completed. The Transcontinental Railroad was the first continuous railroad line across the United States and opened for through traffic on May 10, 1869 when Central Pacific Railroad President Leland Stanford ceremonially drove the gold "Last Spike" at Promontory Summit. The first transcontinental railroad of the United States had been completed. One of the first promoters of the railroad was a merchant named Asa Whitney. The site offers visitors a brief history of the building of the transcontinental railroad as well as information on the history and technology of 19th century railroads. transcontinental railroad, in U.S. history, rail connection with the Pacific coast. Construction of the railroad began in 1863 and was made possible by the Pacific Railroad Acts of 1862 and 1864, along with U.S. government bonds and land grants of government land. There were actually two grades built, both parallel and adjacent to each other. The possibility of railroads connecting the Atlantic and Pacific coasts was discussed in the Congress even before the treaty with England which settled the question of the Oregon boundary in 1846. It took 6 years to build the Transcontinental Railroad. On this day, May 10th, in 1869, the First Transcontinental Railroad was completed with the driving of a golden spike in Promontory Summit, Utah. May 10, 2019 by Jessica MacNeil Comment 1. On this day in … The new railroad was much safer and faster and finally linked the East with the West. Before the transcontinental railroad was completed, travel overland by stagecoach cost $1,000, took five or six months, and involved crossing rugged mountains and arid desert. The transcontinental railroad. The railroad was built between 1863 and 1869. May 11, 2019 . Strategic military consequences were only secondary in consideration, as America had no neighbors it considered threats. Three competing private companies built the railroad, one starting in the East, the other two in the West, allowing the railroad to meet in the middle. But modern researchers and scholars have taken issue with this name. The Transcontinental Railroad was a railroad built across the United States of America. The world was put on notice: the transcontinental railroad was completed and America was moving to the forefront of the world's stage. In 1800s America, some saw the railroad as a symbol of modernity and national progress. The building of it started when Abraham Lincoln signed the Pacific Railroad Act of 1862 into law during the American Civil War.. Much of it was built by the Central Pacific Railroad, building east from Sacramento, California, and the Union Pacific Railroad building West from Omaha, Nebraska. The American Transcontinental Railroad was built largely by private industry, though not without government subsidies, for the purpose of financial gain. Most school children learned that the Transcontinental Railroad was completed May 10, 1869, at “Promontory Point,” where the Central Pacific and the Union Pacific met, and where the Golden Spike was driven. It was built between 1863 and 1869 and it measured 1,776 miles in length. Facts. Transcontinental railroad is completed, May 10, 1869. They were paid less than American workers and … Asa tried hard for many years to get Congress to pass an act to build the railroad, but failed. It took mapmakers no time to publish maps showing the completed route. The ceremony for the driving of the golden spike at Promontory Summit, Utah. The First Transcontinental Railroad (known originally as the "Pacific Railroad" and later as the "Overland Route") was a 1,912-mile continuous railroad line constructed between 1863 and 1869 that connected the existing eastern U.S. rail network at Council Bluffs, Iowa with the Pacific coast at the Oakland Long Wharf on San Francisco Bay. While there was a large network of railways built in the Eastern part of the country in the 1830s and ’40s, there were few in the West and none that connected with Eastern lines. The First Transcontinental Railroad was the first railroad in the United States to connect the West coast to the already existing rail system in Iowa. The transcontinental railroad was built through 15 different tribal regions, in a period where land was still in dispute. On May 10, 1869 the transcontinental railroad was complete. This " golden spike" is made of gold, and symbolized the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad. Railroad track had to be laid over 2,000 miles of rugged terrain, including mountains of solid granite. This was the first time that the Atlantic and Pacific coasts were connected by railroad in the United States. On the tenth day of May, 1869, the last spike was hammered into the rail, connecting the East and the West in a whole new way.
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