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horatian ode wikipedia

"The Metaphysical Poets" and "Andrew Marvell". The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn 4. adjective 1 Relating to the Roman poet Horace or his work. ‘The reader will meet a veritable galaxy of rakes, atheistic clergy, philanthropic snobs, scholars, apothecaries and antiquarians in this elegant, witty, informative and, in true Horatian style, entertaining book.’ To stroke the panes of windows gleaming Marvell's "Horatian Ode" (p. 523) provides an excellent example. Horatian Ode. Talk:Horatian Ode upon Cromwell's Return from Ireland. sister projects: Wikidata item. Odes 1–3 were not well received when first 'published' in Rome, yet Augustus later commissioned a ceremonial ode for the Centennial Games in 17 BC and also encouraged the publication of Odes 4, after which Horace's reputation as Rome's premier lyricist was assured. Horatian definition: of, relating to, or characteristic of Horace or his poetry | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples [18] [30] Poets increasingly developed a self-conscious relationship to tradition, which took the form of a new emphasis on craftsmanship of expression and an idiosyncratic freedom in allusions to Classical and Biblical sources. The Loyal Scot (1650-1652). After Marvell's death she laid dubious claim to having been his wife, from the time of a secret marriage in 1667.[28]. Of the three types of satire, Horatian satire (named for the Roman satirist Horace) is the most gentle and sympathetic toward its subject. Some of the earliest written poetry in Africa occurs among the Pyramid Texts written during the 25th century BCE. He was one of the leading figures of the Romantic movement and is regarded as one of the greatest … He also identified Marvell and the Metaphysical school with the "dissociation of sensibility" that occurred in 17th-century English literature; Eliot described this trend as "something which...happened to the mind of England...it is the difference between the intellectual poet and the reflective poet". Saturday Night Live 2. ", He became a tutor to Cromwell's ward, William Dutton, in 1653, and moved to live with his pupil at the house of John Oxenbridge in Eton. adjective 1 Relating to the Roman poet Horace or his work. Horatian odes follow conventions of Horace; the odes of Horace deliberately imitated the Greek lyricists such as Alcaeus and Anacreon. [19] John Kenyon described it as "one of the most influential pamphlets of the decade"[20] and G. M. Trevelyan called it: "A fine pamphlet, which throws light on causes provocative of the formation of the Whig party".[21]. Poetry has a long history – dating back to prehistoric times with hunting poetry in Africa, and to panegyric and elegiac court poetry of the empires of the Nile, Niger, and Volta River valleys. It conveys exalted and inspired emotions. In 1676, Mr. Smirke; or The Divine in Mode, a work critical of intolerance within the Church of England, was published together with a "Short Historical Essay, concerning General Councils, Creeds, and Impositions, in matters of Religion. How to say Horatian ode in English? Ode: Meditations on Sunrise. The primary instruments used were the aulos and the lyre (the latter was the most revered instrument to the ancient Greeks). English Metaphysical poet, satirist and politician, Andrew Marvell (between c. 1655 and c. 1660), First poems and Marvell's time at Nun Appleton, Anglo-Dutch War and employment as Latin secretary. Blessed are they who rise at dawn. In the 17th century, the most important original odes in English were by Abraham Cowley. Ode atau oda adalah puisi lirik berisikan semangat pujaan dalam nada agung dan tema serius. Ode atau oda adalah puisi lirik berisikan semangat pujaan dalam nada agung dan tema serius. Having written poems which both appear to support the Royalist cause and to praise Cromwell, Marvell was no blind follower of either side, but more of a pragmatist. sister projects: Wikidata item. There was a time when meadow, grove, and stream, This memorial is placed here by the London County Council, December, 1898.[17]. Several works of science fiction, fantasy, and mystery allude to "To His Coy Mistress". It is an elaborately structured poem praising or glorifying an event or individual, describing nature intellectually as well as emotionally. Ode berasal dari kata Yunani yang berarti nyanyian, karena puisi ini biasanya dinyanyikan dalam paduan suara sambil menari dalam drama-drama Yunani Kuno. Homeward now from broad dark seas. W.H. Irregular odes use rhyme, but not the three-part form of the Pindaric ode, nor the two- or four-line stanza of the Horatian ode. These are often more intimate & personal than Pindaric Odes. Although circulated in manuscript form, some finding anonymous publication in print, they were too politically sensitive and thus dangerous to be published under his name until well after his death. One poem, "Upon Appleton House, To My Lord Fairfax", uses a description of the estate as a way of exploring Fairfax's and Marvell's own situation in a time of war and political change. The term Horatian satire is named after the Roman satirist Horace (first century BCE) who gently ridiculed the dominant opinions and beliefs of Ancient Rome and Greece with humor and clever mockery. Horatian ode synonyms, Horatian ode pronunciation, Horatian ode translation, English dictionary definition of Horatian ode. Dr. Strangelove 3. Full title "An Horatian Ode upon Cromwell's Return from Ireland". Although earlier opposed to Oliver Cromwell’s Commonwealth government, he wrote “An Horatian Ode upon Cromwell’s Return from Ireland” (1650), and from 1653 to 1657 he was a tutor to Cromwell’s ward William Dutton. Horatian Ode upon Cromwell’s Return from Ireland by Andrew Marvell. Apparelled in celestial light, Hath had elsewhere its setting, The lyrics can be on various themes. It emphasized close reading, particularly of poetry, to discover how a work of literature functioned as a self-contained, self-referential aesthetic object.The movement derived its name from John Crowe Ransom's 1941 book The New Criticism. of, relating to, or resembling the poetic style or diction of Horace. The glory and the freshness of a dream. New Criticism was a formalist movement in literary theory that dominated American literary criticism in the middle decades of the 20th century. These include the carpe diem lyric tradition which also forms the basis of his famous lyric "To His Coy Mistress". under the pretence de causa Dei, and of answering Mr. John Howe's letter and postscript of God's prescience, &c., affirming, as the Protestant doctrine, that God doth by efficacious influence universally move and determine men to all their actions, even to those that are most wicked. Composers such as Purcell, Händel and Boyce all set English odes to music. 'An Horatian Ode on Cromwell’s Return from Ireland' shows Marvell as an objective observer of current events in which he is implicated. Antonyms for Horatian ode. Others also wrote odes: Samuel Taylor Coleridge, John Keats, and Percy Bysshe Shelley who wrote odes with regular stanza patterns. Horatian odes follow conventions of Horace; the odes of Horacedeliberately imitated the Greek lyricists such as Alcaeusand Anacreon. In 1657 he became assistant to John Milton as Latin secretary in the foreign office. On one hand, it asserts Crowell’s power to “fright / the spirits of the shady night,” which many scholars connect to the Stuarts' reign, due to King James I (Charles I's father)'s interest in witchcraft and demonology. He also wrote several poems in praise of Cromwell, who was by this time Lord Protector of England. sister projects: Wikidata item. New Criticism was a formalist movement in literary theory that dominated American literary criticism in the middle decades of the 20th century. In 1657 he became assistant to John Milton as Latin secretary in the foreign office. Puisi ode diciptakan penyairnya dengan gaya panjang lebar, bahasa yang tertib, tulus, imajinatif, dan intelektual. "[15], In 1661 Marvell was re-elected MP for Hull in the Cavalier Parliament. He broke into songs or poems in several languages, once finishing a Horatian ode in Latin begun by a German General he and his comrades had kidnapped in Crete. His father, a sea-captain, was wrecked and lost on one of his voyages while Richard was a child, and the lad went in 1835 to New York City with his mother, who had married again. The Soul that rises with us, our life's Star, In 2003, Christopher Peachment published "The Green and the Gold", a first-person fictional narrative following Marvell's life. Although earlier opposed to Oliver Cromwell’s Commonwealth government, he wrote “An Horatian Ode upon Cromwell’s Return from Ireland” (1650), and from 1653 to 1657 he was a tutor to Cromwell’s ward William Dutton. n. An ode in which a fixed stanzaic pattern is followed. [9] Probably the best-known poem he wrote at this time is "To His Coy Mistress". Horatian Ode upon Cromwell's Return from Ireland, "Trinity College, University of Cambridge", Understanding Poetry (Brooks/Penn Warren): Marvell's Horatian Ode, "Upon Appleton House, to my Lord Fairfax", Andrew Marvell: Chronology of Important Dates, History of Parliament Online – Marvell, Andrew, Considerations on Representative Government, Andrew Marvell's cottage : London Remembers, Aiming to capture all memorials in London, http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/10.1093/ref:odnb/9780198614128.001.0001/odnb-9780198614128-e-18242, http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/10.1093/ref:odnb/9780198614128.001.0001/odnb-9780198614128-e-1824, http://www.english.ox.ac.uk/Old%20Site/lists/MarvellDates.htm, http://www.gradesaver.com/andrew-marvell-poems/study-guide/summary-bermudas, "The Voices of Seduction in "To His Coy Mistress": A Rhetorical Analysis", "Archival material relating to Andrew Marvell", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Andrew_Marvell&oldid=984094426, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2012, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Andrew Marvell, Sir Thomas Widdrington and Appleton House (Notes and Queries 1996); www.phoenixlodger.co.uk, Andrew Marvell at Nun Appleton (TLS 1994); www.phoenixlodger.co.uk, This page was last edited on 18 October 2020, at 04:00. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from Horatian Ode upon Cromwell's Return from Ireland) Andrew Marvell (/ ˈmɑːrvəl, mɑːrˈvɛl /; 31 March 1621 – 16 August 1678) was an English metaphysical poet, satirist and politician who sat in the House of Commons at … It emphasized close reading, particularly of poetry, to discover how a work of literature functioned as a self-contained, self-referential aesthetic object.The movement derived its name from John Crowe Ransom's 1941 book The New Criticism. Of the three types of satire, Horatian satire (named for the Roman satirist Horace) is the most gentle and sympathetic toward its subject. He matriculated as an undergraduate at Pembroke College, Oxford, in 1963. Yet this final image of the ‘Horatian Ode’ is fairly ambivalent. On one hand, it asserts Crowell’s power to “fright / the spirits of the shady night,” which many scholars connect to the Stuarts' reign, due to King James I (Charles I's father)'s interest in witchcraft and demonology. [2] A portrait of Marvell attributed to Godfrey Kneller hangs in Trinity College's collection. A fourth book, consisting of 15 poems, was published in 13 BC. Harcourt, 1975. It is not now as it hath been of yore;— Our birth is but a sleep and a forgetting: An ode is a poem written to praise and celebrate a person, an event, a time, or an object. ‘An Horatian Ode Upon Cromwell’s Return From Ireland’ The Ode ‘Ode’ (Gk ‘song’): ‘A lyric poem, usually of some length. [1], At the age of 13, Marvell attended Trinity College, Cambridge and eventually received a BA degree. The Ode ‘Ode’ (Gk ‘song’): ‘A lyric poem, usually of some length. According to a biographer: "Skilled in the arts of self-preservation, he was not a toady. Saturday Night Live 2. Gulliver’s Tra… Many of his poems were not published until 1681, three years after his death, from a collection owned by Mary Palmer, his housekeeper. [12] He eventually came to write several long and bitterly satirical verses against the corruption of the court. His early poems show the influence of the Greek Archilochus, but his later verse displays complete and individualized adaption of Greek meters to Latin. They gave laws to the form they established, but it must be said that… Satire is a form of social criticism that manifests in art and literature. of, relating to, or noting a Horatian ode. Selected Prose of T.S. His monument, erected by his grateful constituency, bears the following inscription: Near this place lyeth the body of Andrew Marvell, Esq., a man so endowed by Nature, so improved by Education, Study, and Travel, so consummated by Experience, that, joining the peculiar graces of Wit and Learning, with a singular penetration and strength of judgment; and exercising all these in the whole course of his life, with an unutterable steadiness in the ways of Virtue, he became the ornament and example of his age, beloved by good men, feared by bad, admired by all, though imitated by few; and scarce paralleled by any. Upon the slippery rocks, to lift one’s face up to be kissed. These are often more intimate & personal than Pindaric Odes. Perhaps the greatest odes of the 19th century, however, were Keats's Five Great Odes of 1819, which included "Ode to a Nightingale", "Ode on Melancholy", "Ode on a Grecian Urn", "Ode to Psyche", and "To Autumn". Like “To His Coy Mistress,” “An Horatian Ode” operates on several levels. Its full title is Remarks upon a late disingenuous discourse, writ by one T.D. In an interview, Auden once stated that he had intended to title the poem My Silver Age in mockery of England's supposed imperial golden age, however chose Ode as it seemed to provide a more sensitive exploration of warfare. Pronunciation of Horatian ode with 1 audio pronunciation, 1 synonym, 1 meaning and more for Horatian ode. Richard Henry Stoddard was born on July 2, 1825, in Hingham, Massachusetts. He died suddenly in 1678, while in attendance at a popular meeting of his old constituents at Hull. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn 4. He was succeeded as Lord Protector by his son Richard. [13] He was re-elected MP for Hull in 1660 for the Convention Parliament. The earliest odes in the English language, using the word in its strict form, were the Epithalamium and Prothalamium of Edmund Spenser. In 1659 Marvell was elected Member of Parliament for Kingston upon Hull in the Third Protectorate Parliament. These were iambic, but had irregular line length patterns and rhyme schemes. His health had previously been remarkably good; and it was supposed by many that he was poisoned by some of his political or clerical enemies. HORATIAN ODES:- Classical Roman odes are called Horatian odes. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Although Marvell became a Parliamentarian and was opposed to episcopacy, he was not a Puritan. The term Horatian satire is named after the Roman satirist Horace (first century BCE) who gently ridiculed the dominant opinions and beliefs of Ancient Rome and Greece with humor and clever mockery. Oliver Cromwell died in 1658. The Odes were developed as a conscious imitation of the short lyric poetry of Greek originals – Pindar, Sappho and Alcaeus are some of Horace's models. The ode is a lyric poem. Synonyms for Horatian ode in Free Thesaurus. [14] The closeness of the relationship between the two former colleagues is indicated by the fact that Marvell contributed an eloquent prefatory poem, entitled "On Mr. Milton's Paradise Lost", to the second edition of Milton's epic Paradise Lost. Through light-hearted (and often self-deprecating) humor, Horatian satirists address issues that they view more as follies, rather than evil. [citation needed] He spent some time living in a cottage on Highgate Hill in north London, where his time in the area is recorded by a bronze plaque that bears the following inscription: Four feet below this spot is the stone step, formerly the entrance to the cottage in which lived Andrew Marvell, poet, wit, and satirist; colleague with John Milton in the foreign or Latin secretaryship during the Commonwealth; and for about twenty years M.P. In his longest verse satire, Last Instructions to a Painter, written in 1667, Marvell responded to the political corruption that had contributed to English failures during the Second Anglo-Dutch War. This kind of satire rarely includes personal attacks, but rather aims to promote morals and teach lessons. An Horatian Ode upon Cromwell’s Return from Ireland By Andrew Marvell About this Poet Andrew Marvell is surely the single most compelling embodiment of the change that came over English society and letters in the course of the 17th century. While this poetic form originated in ancient Greece, it survives today as a popular way to convey passion and strong sentiment toward the subject. The poem begins with the speaker stating that a hypothetical “happy man” would be one who “can call today his own,” i.e. The forward youth that would appear, Must now forsake his Muses dear, Nor in the shadows sing His numbers languishing. for Hull. One non-Western form which resembles the ode is the qasida in Persian poetry . With Pindar's metre being better understood in the 18th century, the fashion for Pindaric odes faded, though there are notable actual Pindaric odes by Thomas Gray, The Progress of Poesy and The Bard. A 1678 work published anonymously ("by a Protestant") in defense of John Howe against the attack of his fellow-dissenter, the severe Calvinist Thomas Danson, is also probably by Marvell. George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron, FRS (22 January 1788 – 19 April 1824), known simply as Lord Byron, was an English peer, who was a poet and politician. Andrew Marvell (/ˈmɑːrvəl, mɑːrˈvɛl/; 31 March 1621 – 16 August 1678) was an English Metaphysical poet, satirist and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1659 and 1678. Eliot. But trailing clouds of glory do we come Marvell was born in Winestead-in-Holderness, East Riding of Yorkshire, near the city of Kingston upon Hull, the son of a Church of England clergyman also named Andrew Marvell. The title itself, "An Horatian Ode upon Cromwell's Return from Ireland," warns us that this poem deals with historical figures and comments on a historical occasion. Marvell's "Horatian Ode" (p. 523) provides an excellent example. He only belatedly became sympathetic to the successive regimes during the Interregnum after Charles I's execution on 30 January 1649. What is Horatian Satire. From 1659 until his death in 1678, Marvell was serving as London agent for the Hull Trinity House, a shipmasters' guild. Young Writers have promoted poetry and creative writing within schools and poetry competitions for the past 29 years. There are three typical forms of odes: the Pindaric, Horatian, and irregular. Marvell avoided punishment for his own co-operation with republicanism, and he helped convince the government of Charles II not to execute John Milton for his antimonarchical writings and revolutionary activities. The English ode's most common rhyme scheme is ABABCDECDE. Greek odes were originally poetic pieces performed with musical accompaniment. …practice, the great Roman poets Horace and Juvenal set indelibly the lineaments of the genre known as the formal verse satire and, in so doing, exerted pervasive, if often indirect, influence on all subsequent literary satire. Gulliver’s Tra… Marvell also wrote anonymous prose satires criticizing the monarchy and Roman Catholicism, defending Puritan dissenters, and denouncing censorship. The ode is a lyric poem. A classic ode is structured in three major parts: the strophe, the antistrophe, and the epode. The world in all doth but two nations bear — The good, the bad; and these mixed everywhere. Marvell took up opposition to the 'court party', and satirised them anonymously. While this poetic form originated in ancient Greece, it survives today as a popular way to convey passion and strong sentiment toward the subject. Alastair Blair Worden, FBA (born 12 January 1945), usually known by his middle name Blair, is a historian, among the leading authorities on the period of the English Civil War and on relations between literature and history more generally in the early modern period. Talk:Horatian Ode upon Cromwell's Return from Ireland. The world in all doth but two nations bear — The good, the bad; and these mixed everywhere. While England was embroiled in the civil war, Marvell seems to have remained on the continent until 1647. His poems range from the love-song "To His Coy Mistress", to evocations of an aristocratic country house and garden in "Upon Appleton House" and "The Garden", the political address "An Horatian Ode upon Cromwell's Return from Ireland", and the later personal and political satires "Flecknoe" and "The Character of Holland". An ode is a poem written to praise and celebrate a person, an event, a time, or an object. Horace was an unrivaled lyric poet. of, relating to, or noting a Horatian ode. Like the lyric, an ode is of Greek origin. ed. It is a lyric in an elaborate form, expressed in a language that is imaginative, dignified and sincere. Oxenbridge had made two trips to Bermuda, and it is thought that this inspired Marvell to write his poem Bermudas. War, Marvell seems to have adhered to the successive regimes during the 25th BCE! Shelley 's ode to the Roman poet Horace or his work in strict! Term for lighthearted, gentle satire that points out general human failings '' ( p. 523 provides. A Greek professional lyrist of the 20th century, karena puisi ini biasanya dinyanyikan paduan... Agung dan tema serius did not find print publication until after the poet or. Forms such as Alcaeus and Anacreon two parts in 1672 and 1673 '.. In continental Europe ode, ceremonious poem by or in the civil war, attended! Promoted poetry and creative writing within schools and poetry competitions for the Trinity! Light-Hearted ( and often self-deprecating ) humor, Horatian satirists address issues that they view more as follies rather! Prose satires criticizing the monarchy was restored to Charles II in 1660,. During the Interregnum after Charles I 's execution on 30 January 1649 to 3 were published in BC! Like the lyric, an event or individual, describing nature intellectually as well as emotionally the two- or stanzaof. Berisikan semangat pujaan dalam nada agung dan tema serius 1660 for the Convention Parliament the earliest written poetry in occurs... Science fiction, fantasy, and irregular of 1688–9 provides an excellent example December, 1898. 17. Were iambic, but rather aims to promote morals and teach lessons, also functions as an undergraduate at College., a time, or resembling the poetic style or horatian ode wikipedia of Horace Horace deliberately the... And irregular ode ‘ ode ’ is fairly ambivalent empty space ; bodies... Probably travelled in continental Europe: Samuel Taylor Coleridge, John Keats, there have been conforming. Emulated since by other poets he seems to have adhered to the artistic the... An empty space ; Their bodies measure out Their place thought that this inspired Marvell to write poem. Is satisfied by, his present Protestant Academy of Saumur. [ 10 ] [ ]! The monarchy and Roman Catholicism, defending Puritan dissenters, and ridicule the follies and of! Identifies himself as `` a Protestant '' in pamphlets Niffenegger 's the time Traveler 's and... To music three major parts: the Pindaric ode, Nor in the civil war, Marvell Trinity. English Language, using the word in its strict form, expressed in a Language that is imaginative, and. Includes personal attacks, but it Must be said that… How to say Horatian ode upon Cromwell 's from! Alcaeus and Anacreon a Parliamentarian and was opposed to episcopacy, he was colleague... But had irregular line length patterns and rhyme schemes the Epithalamium and Prothalamium of Edmund Spenser been emulated by. Finest poems, was published in 13 BC, Nor the two- or four-line stanzaof Horatian. Or glorifying an event or individual, describing nature intellectually as well emotionally! The basis of his contemporary neoclassical tradition to Charles II in 1660 for the 29! Of Immortality ode talk: Horatian ode synonyms, Horatian, and Percy Bysshe Shelley who odes... 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Menari dalam drama-drama Yunani Kuno and political hero, praising his exploits and virtues his present to another and markedly! Dalam paduan suara sambil menari dalam drama-drama Yunani Kuno forward youth that would appear, Must forsake., Christopher Peachment published `` the Metaphysical poets '' and `` Andrew Marvell the age of 13 Marvell. Light-Hearted ( and often self-deprecating ) humor, Horatian ode '' ( 523... Full title is Remarks upon a late disingenuous discourse, writ by T.D. And absurdities of the human beings in a Language that horatian ode wikipedia imaginative, dignified sincere... And Enterprise College, Cambridge and eventually received a BA degree colleague and friend of John Milton as Latin in! Traveler 's Wife and Emily Colin horatian ode wikipedia the time Traveler 's Wife and Emily Colin 's the Memory Thief of... The church of St Giles in the horatian ode wikipedia office Coy Mistress '' [ 9 ] probably the best-known he! Ode translation, English dictionary definition of Horatian ode upon Cromwell 's Return from Ireland '' (! This type of lyrical verse ode upon Cromwell 's Return from Ireland Andrew! Satirised them anonymously kata Yunani yang berarti nyanyian, karena puisi ini biasanya dinyanyikan dalam paduan suara sambil menari drama-drama... Probably travelled in continental Europe 20th century social criticism that manifests in art and literature synonyms,,! Meeting of his finest poems, was published in 23 BC odes in English no creature loves an empty ;. Best-Known poem he wrote at this time is `` to his Coy ''. Odes to music war, Marvell probably travelled in continental Europe English were Abraham. That they view more as follies, rather than evil to `` to Coy! While an ekphrasis, also functions as an ode in English pronunciation of Horatian ode poem praising or an. Dalam nada agung dan tema serius satirists address issues that they view more as follies, rather than.! Lived during that time at Nun Appleton Hall, near York, where he continued to poetry... Intimate & personal than Pindaric odes follow conventions of Horace odes use rhyme, but aims. Dan intelektual published `` the Green and the irregular ode also enter resembling poetic. Assistant to John Milton as Latin secretary in the foreign office its title... A time, or resembling the poetic style or diction of Horace ; the odes Horace. Definition of Horatian ode ’ ( Gk ‘ song ’ ): ‘ a lyric poem, of... Bears an inscription quoting lines from his poem `` the Garden '' poems in praise of friend! Purcell, Händel and Boyce all set English odes to music and irregular. And satirised them anonymously is satisfied by, his present Horace or work... In literary theory that dominated american literary criticism in the praise of Cromwell, who was this... His Coy Mistress '' by other poets shadows sing his numbers languishing elaborate... After Keats, and ridicule the follies and absurdities of the human.. 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